Breastfeeding Resources

In order to have success breastfeeding, it’s import to have access to information, support, and assistance.

Breastfeeding Glossary

Breastfeeding terms cover a wide range of topics and details about the physiology and anatomy of breastfeeding. This breastfeeding glossary will help you navigate common terminology while you research breastfeeding and its effects on both mother and baby.

antibody – A substance that protects against infection.

areola – The circular area of pigmented skin that surrounds the nipple.

colostrum – A concentrated fluid secreted by the breast at the end of pregnancy and shortly after childbirth that provides nutrition as well as protection against disease.

engorgement – Fullness, swelling, and enlargement of the breasts.

foremilk – Low-fat milk that leaves the breast first during breastfeeding or pumping; the longer the time periods between breast drainage, the lower in fat the foremilk becomes.

hindmilk – Higher-fat milk that comes later during a breastfeeding or pumping as the breast becomes more fully drained.

hormone – A chemical messenger produced in one part of the body that affects another part of the body.

lactation – The action of producing and secreting milk.

milk ejection reflex – The reflex that causes milk to flow to the nipples and be ejected from the breast (aka let-down, milk release, and milk ejection).

oxytocin – A hormone produced in the brain, released during labor, nipple stimulation, and at other times (such as during a massage); it causes alveolar contraction, milk release (ejection) and uterine contractions.

progesterone – A hormone produced by the placenta in large amounts during pregnancy that stimulates breast development and inhibits production of large volumes of milk.

prolactin – A hormone produced in the brain that stimulates breast development and affects milk production.

Breastfeeding Support

Breastfeeding support and advice is plentiful, and various professional and mother-to-mother volunteer organizations are available to help.

Healthcare Professionals

International Board Certified Lactation Consultant (IBCLC) – Also called a “lactation consultant,” an IBCLC is a credentialed breastfeeding support professional who has passed a board exam after completing many lactation-specific educational courses and has worked many hours with moms and babies to help with lactation issues. IBCLCs are experienced in helping mothers to breastfeed comfortably and can help address a wide range of breastfeeding concerns. Many IBCLCs are also nurses, doctors, speech therapists, dieticians, or other health professionals. Ask your hospital or birthing center for the name of a lactation consultant who can help you. To find an IBCLC, visit the Find a Lactation Consultant Directory.

Breastfeeding Peer Counselor or Educator (CLC OR CBE) – A Breastfeeding Peer Counselor or Educator teaches others about the health effects of breastfeeding and helps women with basic breastfeeding challenges and questions. As a “peer,” they have first-hand experience breastfeeding their own baby. Some breastfeeding educators have letters after their names like CLC (Certified Lactation Counselor) or CBE (Certified Breastfeeding Educator). CLCs and CBEs may be helpful when addressing basic concerns and problems, and by providing basic breastfeeding support. Find a peer counselor through the Women, Infants and Children (WIC) Program, La Leche League, or Breastfeeding USA, or contact the National Breastfeeding Helpline at 1-800-994-9662 to speak directly with a breastfeeding peer counselor.

Doula – A doula (doo-la) is professionally trained and experienced in providing social support to birthing families during pregnancy, labor, and delivery, and at home during the first few days or weeks after birth. Doulas help women physically and emotionally, and those who are trained in breastfeeding support may be able to help you be more successful with breastfeeding after birth.

Physician – Pediatricians are medical doctors who focus on treating babies, children, and teens. Obstetrician/gynecologists (OB/GYNs) are medical doctors who focus on treating women’s reproductive health issues before, during, and after pregnancy. Many physicians also receive basic lactation training.

Certified Nurse-Midwife – A Certified Nurse-Midwife is a healthcare professional who provides care to women throughout their lifespan with a specific focus on pregnancy, labor, and birth. Many midwives also receive basic lactation training and can provide breastfeeding support.

Mother-to-Mother Support

La Leche League International – La Leche is the world’s leading breastfeeding organization of mothers helping mothers. Call 800-LA-LECHE (800-525-3243) to find a group that meets in your area and a local number to call for advice, or visit them online a

Breastfeeding USA – Breastfeeding USA is an organization of breastfeeding counselors who provides evidence-based breastfeeding information and offer mother-to-mother support. Visit them online at

Additional organizations that support and promote breastfeeding are:

National Breastfeeding Programs in the US include:

US Government Resources include:

Additional breastfeeding websites include:

Blogs that focus on breastfeeding:

Breastfeeding Videos

Ameda offers video support for breastfeeding.

Breastfeeding Basics

Breastfeeding basics

Benefits of breastfeeding for moms and babies (View the Spanish version)

Your baby knows how to latch-on (View the Spanish version)

One Mom’s Experience

Why I chose to Breastfeed

How breastfeeding and pumping works for me

Breastfeeding Educational Series

How do my breasts make milk?

How will my breasts know how much milk to make?

What is the secret to getting a good latch while breastfeeding?

Which breastfeeding position is best?


  1. American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Breastfeeding. Breastfeeding and the use of human milk. Pediatrics. 2012;129(3): e827-841. Available at
  2. Ip S, Chung M, Raman G, Trikalinos TA, Lau J. A summary of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality’s evidence report on breastfeeding in developed countries. Breastfeed Med, 2009;4(SI ):S 17-30

This is general information and does not replace the advice of your healthcare provider. If you have a problem you cannot solve quickly, seek help right away. Every baby is different. If in doubt, contact your physician or healthcare provider.